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         Historical Moments 40 Years Ago

Where What Happened During Our Last Year at NCSD is being Preserved Today
Click on pic to go to our Memory Lane Index page Our 40th Anniversary Logo

June 7 - NCSD Class of 1970 graduates and joins the fabric of American life;
Sports: Jockey Willie Shoemaker passes Johnny Longden with his 6,033 win;
San Francisco Giants at Chicago Cubs' Wrigley Field, Cubs win 8 - 4;
Shirley  Englehorn wins LPGA Lady Carling Golf Open. Entertainment:
The Who's "Tommy" is performed at NY's Lincoln Center; Grateful Dead
at Fillmore West; Elvis records 'Next Step is Love' at RCA's Studio B in
Nashville, Tenn. 22nd Emmy Awards: Marcus Welby, Robert Young and
Susan Hampshire, for a complete listing of Emmy Award recipiants, go to
June 7 here; Births: NCSD's football star of 1963, 1964, and 1965, Billy
Jernigan and his wife, had a baby girl Sue Ann;
Death: Louise Harrison,mother of Beatle George
June 6 - The Beatles' "Let it Be" LP hits Number 1 in the UK
June 4 - Tonga gains independence from Britain (National Day)
June 3, 1970 - NVA begin a new offensive toward Phnom Penh in
Cambodia. The U.S. provides air strikes to prevent the defeat of
Lon Nol's inexperienced young troops.
June 2 – Death of Bruce McLaren, race car driver
and founder of the McLaren team, in a racing accident
June 1 - Soyuz 9 launched into Earth orbit for 18 days (2nd link)
May 31 - At 3:23 PM, Yungay, Peru leveled by 7.75 earthquake, about
50-70,000 people were killed, 20,000 missing and presumed dead, and
150,000 injured in Ancash and in La Libertad. Catastrophic debris avalanche
of rock, ice and mud buries the town of Yungay, which had a population of
about 20,000; The federal (US) government shuts off power and stops fresh
water supplies on its property, Alcatraz Island, still occupied by American
Indians. Hundreds of Indians flock to the island to protest
the government's plan to turn the island into a park.
CNN Overview, The Alcatraz Proclamation, National Park Service,
PBS, American Indian; Siouxme
May 30 - Baseball All-Star voting is returned to fans;
Billboard Top 100 puts Ray Stevens' 'Everything is Beautiful' at #1;
Jesus loves the little children...
All the children of the world
Red and yellow, black and white
They are precious in his sight
Jesus loves the little children of the world
A gospel/pop/rock song from a singer/comedian releasing novelty songs,
and in 1969 he had a million-selling Top 10 pop hit with "Gitarzan".
The Jackson 5's 'The Love You Save" is at #2, and
The Beatles' last charted song, 'The Long and Winding Road" is at #3
May 29 - USSR performs nuclear test (underground);
Last day of school for the Class of 1970 which starts their last week
at NCSD with a well deserved 'week long holiday break' from high school
May 28 - Morgan Fox, Prince George, BC, Canadian model and actress;
1988 Miss World Canada, Playboy's Playmate of the Month, Dec, 1990
May 27 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR; British expedition climbs south face of Annapurna I
May 26 - TV show 'I Dream of Jeannie' (1965-1970) ends;
#1 song of the week, Simon & Garfunkel's 'Cecilia' drops
The Guess Who's 'American Woman' to #2
and Tyrone Davis' 'Turn Back the Hands of Time' arrives at #3
May 25 - Sidney Greenbush, LA, twin actress (Carrie-Little House on Prairie), born
May 24 - Peter Queen quits rock music group Fleetwood Mac to join
a religious cult
May 23 - USSR performs nuclear test (underground);
Grateful Dead's first performance outside of the US (England);
Paul's  "McCartney" LP reaches Number 1 in the US;
SD Padres beat SF Giants 17-16 in 15 innings
May 22 - Palestinian terrorists attacked a school bus at the Mosha Avivim in
the Upper Galilee. 9 children, the driver and 2 other adults are killed, and
19 children are wounded; France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island;
 NY Yankee Mel Stottlemyre sets record by walking 11, but wins 2-0;
Born: Naomi Campbell, London England, model/actress (Cool as Ice,
Unzipped), also known as girlfriend of Mike Tyson;
May 21 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR;
National Guard mobilized to quell disturbances at Ohio State University;
Vinton Hayworth actor (General Schaeffer-I Dream of Jeannie), dies at 63; Annual tradition continues: NCSD Juniors hazes the NCSD Seniors
May 20 - 100,000 march in New York supporting US policies (war) in Vietnam;
2 die in a NYC subway  accident; The Beatles' "Let it Be" movie premieres in
UK and none of the Beatles attend
May 19 - American Woman - from The Guess Who tops this week's chart at #1
May 18 - Apple Records releases the (standard) "Let it Be" LP in the US,
after receiving some 3,700,000 advance orders; Tina Fey, famous for
impersonating Sarah Palin, born today
May 17 - Thor Heyerdahl crosses Atlantic on reed raft Ra
May 16 - Hank Aaron becomes 9th player to get 3,000 hits
May 15 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island; Elizabeth Hoisington
and Anna Mae Mays named first female US generals; Beatles' last LP, "Let It Be"
is released in US; TV show Get Smart (1964-1970) ends
May 14 - In the eastern Caucasus, a magnitude 6.7 earthquake occurs, a
few miles west of Machackala on the Caspian Sea. Extensive damage in
the Dagestan Republic; British Royal Air Force leader Andreas Baader freed
after serving two years in West Berlin; At Jackson state College in
Mississippi, around 100 protestors set small fires and overturn vehicles.
Police fire into the demonstration, killing two; Harry A Blackmun appointed
to the Supreme Court;
Billie Burke comedienne (Glinda-Wizard of Oz), dies at 84
May 13 - The Beatles last motion Picture, "Let It Be", directed by
Michael Lindsay-Hogg, premieres in New York
May 12 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site; Harry A Blackmun
is confirmed as a justice on the Supreme Court; Race riots in Augusta GA;
6 blacks killed (5 by cops); Norman Greenbaum's controversial gospel/rock
song, 'Spirit in the Sky' hits #1 after staying in the top 5 for five weeks;
The Guess Who's 'American Woman' hits # 2 and Simon & Garfunkel follows
their 'Bridge Over Trouble Water' hit with 'Cecilia' at #3;
Ernie Banks hits his 500th home run
May 11 - Sammy Davis Jr. weds Altovise of Charlotte, NC
May 10 - Brave's Hoyt Wilhelm pitches in his 1,000th game, loses to
Cardinals 6-5; Boston Bruins sweep St Louis Blues for Stanley Cup,
the series victory marked the Bruins’ first Stanley Cup title in 29 years
May 9 - 100,000s demonstrate against the Vietnam War; Walter Reuther,
United Auto Workers' union leader/president (CIO), dies in a jet crash
May 8 - Beatles release "Let it Be" album in UK; Division in the U.S. about the
war is at a new emotional high. On Wall Street in New York City, construction
workers break up an anti-war demonstration; Knicks beat Lakers, 113-99
for their 1st NBA championship

May 8 - The Beatles' last album, "Let It Be"
(recorded before "Abbey Road"), is released in
the U.K. and hits number one there and in the U.S

May 7 - "Long and Winding Road" becomes Beatles' last American release;
TV show: Daniel Boone (1964-1970) ends
May 6 - In Saigon over the past week, 450 civilians were killed during
Viet Cong terrorist raids throughout the city, the highest weekly death
toll to date; Yuchiro Miura of Japan skies down Mt. Everest
May 5 - Forty-three nations have ratified the nuclear non-proliferation
treaty and the treaty goes into effect. It acknowledges five
nuclear-weapons states. Other signatory states agree not to acquire or
produce nuclear weapons or nuclear explosive devices.
The treaty was proposed by Ireland; US performs nuclear test at
Nevada test site; In response to the Kent State shootings, over
900 colleges and universities shut down. So too do some high schools
and elementary schools. The Kent State campus is to
remained closed for six weeks
May 4 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Erik H Erikson (Gandhi's Truth);
Premier Kosygin affirms existence Russian military advisors in Egypt;

John Filo's iconic Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph
of Mary Ann Vecchio, a fourteen-year-old
runaway, kneeling over the body of Jeffrey Miller
after he was shot dead by the Ohio National Guard.

The Kent State shootings, also known as the May 4 massacre or Kent-State
massacre, occurred at Kent State University in the city of Kent, Ohio, and
involved the shooting of unarmed college students by members of the Ohio
National Guard. The guardsmen fired 67 rounds over a period of 13 seconds,
killing four students and wounding nine others, one of whom suffered
permanent paralysis. In response to the killings, over 400 colleges and
universities across America shut down. In Washington, nearly 100,000
protesters surround various government buildings including the White House
and historical monuments. On an impulse, President Nixon exits the White
House and pays a late night surprise visit to the Lincoln Memorial and chats
with young protesters
May 2, 1970 - American college campuses erupt in protest over the invasion
of Cambodia; 96th Kentucky Derby: Mike Manganello on Dust Commander wins
2:03.4 and Diane Crump is 1st woman jockey to race the Kentucky Derby;
May 1 - May Day, the traditional Communist holiday; Vietnam war update;
President Nixon calls anti-war students "bums blowing up campuses."
NCSD Jr & Sr Prom occurred this evening

April 30 - President Nixon stuns Americans by announcing U.S. and South
Vietnamese incursion into Cambodia"; Chicago Cubs Billy Williams is first
National Leaguer to play in 1,000 consecutive games
April 29 - 50,000 US and South Vietnamese troops invade Cambodia; Birth
of Uma Thurman, Boston MA, actress (Baron Munchausen, Pulp Fiction);
also born this date; Andre Agassi, Las Vegas NV, tennis pro/star (US &
French Open finalist-1990, Olympics-gold-96, US Open-1994 and 1999,
April 27 - T. Smirnova discovers asteroid #2469 Tadjikistan;
Arthur Shields, actor (Your Show Time), dies at 73
April 25 - The Jackson 5's 'ABC' topples the Beatles' 'Let It Be' this week;
Anita Louise actress (last appearances; Mannix, The Mod
), dies at about 55; Freda Payne releases "Band of Gold";
Melanie releases "Lay Down"
April 24 - China PR launches its 1st satellite, Dong Fang Hong I,
transmitting song "East is Red"; Gambia becomes a republic within the
Commonwealth; Senegal adopts constitution; Grace Slick of Jefferson
Airplane is invited to a party at the White House by Tricia Nixon, daughter
of US President Richard Nixon. Slick arrives at the party with Abbie
Hoffman, who is on trial for conspiring to riot at the 1968 Democratic
National Convention. Hoffman is not allowed into the White House and
leaves with Slick
April 23 - Herb Shriner humorist/TV host (Herb Shriner Show), dies at 51
April 22 - 1st Earth Day held internationally to conserve natural resources;
Sports history was made today:
NY Met Jerry Grote sets record of 20 put outs by a catcher while
teammate NY Met Tom Seaver consecutively strikes out last 10 San Diego
Padres, for a total of 19;
Washington Senators beat Yankees 2-1 in 18 innings
April 20 - Bruno Kreisky becomes first socialist chancellor of Austria;
President Nixon announces the withdrawal of another 150,000 Americans
from Vietnam within a year; 74th Boston Marathon won by Ron Hill of
Great Britain in 2:10:30 (new US marathon record)
Birth of Shemar Moore, Oakland CA, actor, CBS's Criminal Minds
April 19 - Apollo 13 Review Board panels established;
Reports in pdf formats, NASA or web page format
24th Tony Awards Borstal Boy and Applause win;
Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Raleigh Ladies Golf Invitational;
Birth of Michael Barrow NFL linebacker (Houston Oilers, Carolina Panthers)
April 18 - Despite the failure of the Apollo 13 moon mission, the United States
space exploration program will press on, the head of the space agency said
today; General Kamanin, head of the cosmonaut training in Soviet space
program, considers the Apollo 13 mission was a 'true test' of American
technical capability in space. "The saving of the American astronauts
demonstrated the robust redundancy in the American Space Program."
Birth of Carl Simpson NFL defensive tackle (Chicago Bears)
April 17 - Apollo 13 limps back safely, Beech-built oxygen tank no help;

This view of the severely damaged Apollo 13 Service Module (SM)
was photographed from the Lunar Module/Command Module
(LM/CM) following SM jettisoning. As seen here, an entire panel
on the SM was blown away by the apparent explosion of oxygen
tank number two located in Sector 4 of the SM.

Paul McCartney's first solo album "McCartney" is released; Johnny Cash
performs at the White House at the invitation of President Richard M. Nixon
April 16 - 70 die in an avalanche (France)
April 15 - Libyan leader Qadhafi launches "Green Revolution" for Libya;
"Cry for Us All" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 8 performances
Birth of Darrin Smith NFL linebacker (Dallas Cowboys, Philadelphia Eagles)
April 13, 9:08pm - "Houston, we got a problem";
Oakland uses gold-colored bases during the club's home opener. The Rules
Committee subsequently bans this innovation; San Francisco beats
Cincinnati 2-1, only day Reds aren't in first place in 1970;
34th Golf Masters Championship Billy Casper wins, shooting a 279
Birth of Rick Schroder Staten Island, NY, actor
(Ricky-Silver Spoons, Champ, Earthling)
April 12 - Yankees dedicate plaques to Mickey Mantle and Joe DiMaggio
April 11 - The third manned lunar landing mission is launched from Cape
Canaveral, Florida, carrying astronauts James A. Lovell, John L. Swigert,
and Fred W. Haise; Beatles' "Let It Be", single goes #1
and stays #1 for 2 weeks
April 10 - Paul McCartney announces official split of the Beatles by way of
the promotional material for his upcoming "McCartney" album, that he will
be leaving the Beatles because of "personal, business and musical
differences" and that the band would never work together again, thereby
breaking the group's silence about their breakup; Charles Paton,
English film actor appearing in 105 films between 1927 and 1951, dies at 96
Birth of Sean Gilbert defensive tackle (Washington Redskins)
April 8 - Senate rejects Nixon's nomination of Carswell to Supreme Court;
The Beatles' 'Let It Be' rises fast and topples Simon & Garfunkel's song,
'Bridge Over Troubled Water' as the #1 song for the next four weeks

and meanwhile the Jackson 5's 'ABC' bubbles at #2;
April 7 – Josina Machel wife of Mozambique's first President Samora Machel,
dies; J A Bruwer discovers asteroid #1794 Finsen; 42nd Academy Awards -
"Midnight Cowboy", John Wayne and Maggie Smith win; "Effects of Gamma
Rays on Man-in-the-moon Marigolds
" premieres in NYC; the Milwaukee
play their first ever game as the Brewers at Milwaukee County
Stadium, after the team had relocated from Seattle and lose to Angels 12-0
April 5 - Students return to NCSD after spring break
April 4 - Petticoat Junction (1963-1970) airs for the last time;
Byron Foulger, actor (Capt Nice, Petticoat Junction), dies at 70;
Firestone World Tournament of Champions won by Don Johnson
April 3 - Miriam Hargrave of England passes her drivers test on 40th try;
'Here Come the Brides' (1968-1970) and
'The Flying Nun' (1967-1970) airs for the last time
April 2 - Meghalaya becomes autonomous state within India's Assam state;
Qatar gains independence from Britain; 2 men begin ascent of south face
of Annapurna I, the highest final stage in a wall climb in the world;
Phil Spector completed final editing and mixing for The Beatles
Let It Be album, 16 months after the ‘Get Back’ project had begun;
The 52nd Annual New York Automobile Show is held in New York,
USA Chevrolet unveils the experimental transverse mid-engine
XP-882 Corvette prototype. Ford shows its Pantera, and American Motors
shows its AMX/3, both also mid-engine prototypes
April 1 - L Chernykh discovers 3 asteroids: 1805 Dirikis, 1957 Angara, &
1976 Kaverin; Phil Spector supervises the overdub and final mixing for the
"Let it Be" LP, with Ringo Starr adding drum tracks, marking the last studio
work of any of the Beatles on a Beatles recording; John and Yoko put out an
April Fools Day press release, announcing a dual sex-change operation;
President Richard Nixon signs bill limiting cigarette advertisements on 1/1/71

March 31 - The U.S. Army brings murder charges against
Captain Ernest L. Medina concerning the massacre of Vietnamese
civilians at My Lai in March of 1968;
 Federal bankruptcy court allows Seattle Pilots to be sold to Milwaukee
March 30 - Soap opera 'Somerset' premieres on NBC (1970-1976), while
fellow soaps 'A World Apart' (1970-1971) and 'The Best of Everything' (1970)
make their debut on ABC. It marks the last time multiple soaps premieres on
the same day in the US; Birth of Secretariat race horse, triple crown (1973);
birth of Mark Consuelos Zaragosa Spain, actor (Mateo Santos-All My Children);
USSR wins its 8th straight world hockey championship;
Miles Davis 'Bitches Brew' double album released
March 29 - Simon & Garfunkel's song, 'Bridge Over Troubled Water', is in it's
5th week of a 7 week run as the #1 song in the country and
later known as the #1 song of the year
March 28 - 1,086 die when 7.3 earthquake destroys 254 villages
(Gediz, Turkey)
March 27 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk
USSR; Ringo releases his 1st solo album "Sentimental Journey";
Birth of Mariah Carey, New York, singer (Vision of Love,
Love Takes Time, Hero); NCSD closes down starting at 12 noon for the
Easter/Spring break
March 26 - 500th nuclear explosion announced by the US since 1945;
Golden Gate Park Conservatory made city landmark
March 25 - Concorde 002 makes its 1st supersonic flight (700 MPH)
March 24 - Born, Lara Flynn Boyle, actress, best known for her roles in the
TV series Twin Peaks and The Practice
March 23 - Attempted coup d’état led by Lieutenant Kikanga in
Congo-Brazzaville which became the People's Republic of Congo on
Dec 31, 1969;
US performs nuclear test at Nevada test site; Mafia boss Carlo
is arrested for plotting to steal $3 million; Birth of Carl Pickens
NFL wide receiver (Cincinnati Bengals)
March 20 - Cambodian troops under Gen. Lon Nol attack Khmer Rouge and
North Vietnamese forces inside Cambodia. At the White House, Nixon and top
aides discuss plans to assist Lon Nol's pro-American regime;
David Bowie marries model Angela Barnett
March 19 - West German Chancellor Willy Brandt and
East German Premier Willi Stoph meet
March 18 - Prince Sihanouk of Cambodia is deposed by General Lon Nol;
Mail service paralyzed by first major postal strike; NFL selects Wilson as
official football and scoreboard as official time; Birth of Queen Latifah
[Dana Owens] Newark NJ, rap singer/actress (Khadijah James-Living Single)
March 17 - US casts their first UN Security Council veto (Support England)
March 16 - New English Bible published; Tammi Terrell, most notable
for her duets with Marvin Gaye, dies at the age of 24,
from complications of a brain tumor
March 15 - Expo '70 in Osaka, Japan opens
March 13 - 100 year Beehive anniversary ends in brawl in Amsterdam;
Webmaster's note: We have no idea what the above is and is also listed several
times elsewhere on the web but no meaning(s) can be found

Digital Equipment Corp introduces PDP-11 minicomputer
March 12 - USA lowers voting age from 21 to 18
March 11 - Iraq Ba'th Party recognizes Kurd nation;
12th Grammy Awards: Aquarius, Crosby Stills and Nash, Peggy Lee win;
Blood, Sweat & Tears were nominated for a then-record eleven Grammy
Awards (but only win three);
The Beatles' single "Let It Be" is released, sets a record for the US charts for
the highest first time entry on the singles chart, debuting at #6
March 10 - Grand Funk Railroad records "Closer To Home"
March 9 - Black Sabbath with front man, Ozzy Osbourne, made
their concert debut in London, England;
Born, Melissa Rathburn-Nealy, US soldier (Iraqi POW)
March 8 - Diana Ross makes her first solo concert appearance, in
Framingham, Massachusetts
March 7 - The "eclipse of the century" is covered by all
three American networks
March 6 - Beatles release "Let it Be" in UK;
William Hopper actor (Paul Drake-Perry Mason), dies at 55;
Cult leader and suspected murderer Charles Manson releases an
album titled Lies to help finance his defense
March 5 - Nuclear non-proliferation treaty went into effect; 3 SDS
Weathermen terrorist group bomb 18 West 11th St in New York NY
March 4 - French submarine "Eurydice" explodes;
Jacksonville is 1st college basketball team to avg 100+ pts per game;
Janis Joplin is fined $200 for using obscene language during a concert
performance in Tampa, Florida
March 2 - Rhodesia becomes independent republic; American Airlines'
first flight of a Boeing 747; Supreme Court ruled draft evaders
can not be penalized after 5 years
March 1 - White govt of Rhodesia declares independence from Britain;
End of US commercial whale hunting; On American
television, "The Ed Sullivan Show" airs two film clips ("Two of Us" and
"Let it Be") from the movie "Let it Be";
Charles Manson's album "Lie" is released

February 28 - Led Zeppelin performs in Copenhagen under the pseudonym
The Nobs, due to threats of lawsuits from Count Eva von Zeppelin, descendant
of airship designer Ferdinand von Zeppelin;
Bicycles permitted to cross Golden Gate Bridge
February 27 - Jefferson Airplane is fined $1,000 for using profanity during a
concert in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma;
NY Times (falsely) reports US army has ended domestic surveillance
Feb 26 - Beatles release compilation album "Beatles Again" aka
"Hey Jude" album; 1970 Camaro introduced
February 23 - Ringo Starr appears on the television show
Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In
February 21, 1970 - Although the official peace talks remain deadlocked
in Paris, behind the scenes, Henry Kissinger begins a series of secret talks
with North Vietnam's Le Duc Tho, which will go on for two years
Feb 20 - Jackson 5 make TV debut on "American Bandstand"
Feb 19 - USSR launches Sputnik 52 and Molniya 1-13 communications satellite
Feb 18 - Chicago 7 defendants found innocent of inciting to riot;
US President Nixon launches "Nixon-doctrine"
February 17 - McCloud pilot airs on NBC (1970-1977). The series becomes
a regular show the following fall as part of Four in One; Joni Mitchell
announces that she is retiring from live performances, following her "final"
show at London's Royal Albert Hall. She would be back performing concerts
within a year; In Fort Bragg, NC, army doctor, Jeffrey MacDonald, accused
of the murders of his pregnant wife, Collette, and their two daughters. This
case gained national attention over the years, spawning two books, "Fatal
" and "Fatal Justice," and a television miniseries that carried the
name of the first book. MacDonald has maintained his innocence, claiming a
group of drug-crazed hippies broke into his home and attacked his family.
This case continues with an appeal filed on Feb. 19, 2009.
February 16 – Joe Frazier unifies the heavyweight title
when Jimmy Ellis, floored twice in the fourth, is unable to
answer the bell for round five, New York.
Feb 15 - NCSD students went to see National Theater of the Deaf at Lenoir-Rhyne College
February 15 – Featherweight Boxing Champion, Carlos (Teo) Cruz,
and his family dies in a plane crash off the coast of Dominican Republic
February 14 - Born, Simon Pegg; "Benji" in Mission: Impossible III (2006),
"Scotty" in Star Trek (2009) and in untitled Star Trek Sequel (2012)
February 13 - Black Sabbath releases debut self-titled LP. It is Friday the 13th;
Man-eating tiger is reported to have killed 48, 80 km from New Delhi
February 14 - The Who records Live At Leeds in Yorkshire, England. The
Grateful Dead plays an equally historic concert on the same date at the
Fillmore East, New York City.
February 11 - A busy day - Japan becomes 4th nation to put a satellite
(Osumi) in orbit; John Lennon pays £1,344 in fines for 96 people protesting
the South African rugby team playing in Scotland; The film 'The Magic
Christian', starring Peter Sellers and Ringo Starr, premiered
in New York City. The film's soundtrack album, including Badfinger's
"Come and Get It", (written and produced by Paul McCartney), is released
on Apple Records; 60 years of Boy Scouts was celebrated by
NCSD Troop 182 with the awarding of the
Eagle Scout Awards to Steve Warren and Fred Ballew ('69);
26.37 cm (10.38") of rainfall, Mt. Washington, NH (state 24-hr rec)
February 7 - "Hollywood Palace" last airs on ABC TV;
"Jingle Jangle" hits #10 on the pop singles chart by The Archies;
LSU's "Pistol" Pete Marovich scores 69 pts in losing cause
February 4 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
February 2 - B-52 bombers strike the Ho Chi Minh trail in retaliation for the
increasing number of Viet Cong raids throughout the South;
Pete Maravich becomes 1st to score 3,000 college basketball points
February 1 - Stalled commuter train rammed by express in Argentina, 139 die

January 31 - C Kowal discovers asteroid #1876 Napolitania; The Jackson 5's
first hit, 'I Want You Back', is #1 this week
January 29 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakstan/Semipalatinsk,
January 28 - The newly formed group Band of Gypsies breaks up when
guitarist Jimi Hendrix walks out after playing just two songs, telling the
audience "I'm sorry we just can't get it together"
January 27 - Movie rating system modifies "M" rating to "PG"
January 26 - Simon & Garfunkel release their final album together, Bridge
Over Troubled Water
. The title track and album stay #1 on the Billboard charts
for six weeks and go on to win a record six Grammys at the 13th Grammy
Awards, including "Record of the Year", "Song of the Year", and "Album of the
Year." In Britain it tops the album chart at regular intervals over the next two
years, and becomes the best-selling album in Britain during the 1970s
January 25 - Robert Altman's "M*A*S*H," premieres

January 24 - 3rd ABA All-Star Game: West 128 beats East 98 at Indiana; The
first #1 hit of the decade ends its last 4th week at the top of the chart,
Raindrops Keep Fallin' on My Head" by B. J. Thomas
January 23 - Dolle Mina, a feminist group, burns bras in Amsterdam thus
 begins the second wave of the feminist movement; Australia's 1st amateur
radio satellite (Oscar 5)  piggy-backed with US's second generation weather
satellite, ITOS 1, launched at
Vandenberg Air  Force Base, California
(ITOS 1 is still visible today)
;  US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

January 21 - The Boeing 747-100 made its 1st commercial transatlantic flight
from NY to London. The plane was 231 feet long with a wing span of 195
feet. It could seat 400 people in a cabin 182 feet long
January 20 - 20th NBA All-Star Game East beats West 142-135 at Philadelphia
and 23rd NHL All-Star Game East beat West 4-1 at St Louis; Super Fight-
computer mock championship between Ali & Marciano
January 19 - Nixon nominates G Harrold Carswell to Supreme Court (fails);
UCLA fires Angela Davis for being a communist;
Dutch bishops says he is in favor of married priest
January 18 - NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 16-13
January 17 – The Sporting News names Willie Mays as Player of the Decade
for the 1960s; 357 baseball players are available in the free-agent draft;
AFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 26-3; Billy Stewart singer (I Do Love You,
Summertime), dies in auto-accident in Selma, NC at age 32
January 16 - Col Kadhaffi becomes premier of Libya; John Lennon's London
Art gallery exhibit of lithographs, Bag One, is shut down by Scotland Yard
for displaying "erotic lithographs"; NFL realigns into 3 divisions (down
from 4); AAU player Steve Myers makes a basketball field goal of
92'3½" from out of bounds in Tacoma, Washington - it shouldn't
have counted, but was allowed
January 14 - Diana Ross and the Supremes perform for the last time together
at the Frontier Hotel in Las Vegas
January 12 - Boeing 747 makes its maiden voyage
Jan 11 - Superbowl IV: KC Chiefs beat Minn Vikings, 23-7 in
New Orleans Superbowl MVP: Len Dawson, Kansas City, QB
January 9 - Constitution of Singapore enacted
January 8 - H Potter & A Lokalov discovers asteroid #2975
January 7 - Farmers sue Max Yasgur for $35,000 in damages caused by
"Woodstock". Link to Then and Now picture and more Woodstock links
Jan 5 - Soap Opera "All My Children", premieres on ABC
Jan 4 - Beatles last recording session at EMI studios;
NCSD reopens for the school year;
Walter Cronkite ends hosting weekly documentary;
KC Chiefs beat Oakland Raiders 17-7 in AFC championship game;
Minn Vikings beat Cleve Browns 27-7 in NFC championship game
January 2 - US population is 293,200,000,
Black population: 22,600,000 (11.1%)
January 1 - This date is when the first Unix computer was
made operable as Unix time or POSIX time

December 31 - Congo-Brazzaville becomes People's Republic of Congo,
under Major Ngouabi
December 30 - Cold War: USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk
December 28 - Neil Simon's (more links-1, 2) Last of the Red Hot Lovers
premieres in New York City, New York, (movie); Cold War: USSR performs
nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk; Sports: Dallas Cowboy
kicker Mike Clark (d-2002), attempting an on-side kick against Cleveland,
missed the ball; Born: Linus Torvalds, chief architect of the Linux kernel;
Music: "Psychedelic Shack", released, is a 1970 hit single for the Motown
label performed by The Temptations
December 26 - NBC Daytime show "Letters to Laugh-In" ends;
Sports: Tangerine Bowl was held at the Citrus Bowl in Orlando, Florida. The
Toledo Rockets of the Mid-American Conference defeated the
Davidson Wildcats of the Southern Conference by a score of 56–33. The
Tangerine Bowl is a former name of what is now called the Capital One Bowl
December 25 - Five Israeli gunboats escape from Cherbourg harbor;
Births: Bernhard Jr-Prince of Netherlands; Mike Locksley, current coach
 for University of New Mexico Lobos football team; Julian Letterlough,
(d July 8, 2005) in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, was an American boxer, known
as "Mr. KO", Letterlough was a popular TV fighter who was often featured
on ESPN; Sports: India all out for 163 at  Madras versus Australia, Ashley Mallett 5-91
December 22 - Donald Foster, actor (Herbert Johnson-Hazel), dies at age 80;
Ilse Steppat, actress (Invisible Terror), dies at age 52;Josef von Sternberg,
Austrian director (Shanghai Express), dies at age 75;
Sports: Pete Marovich sets NCAA record of hitting 30 of 31 foul shots;
Radio Free Alcatraz broadcast for first time from Berkeley radio station KPFA
December 21 - Vince Lombardi (Redskins) coaches his last football game, losing;
Diana Ross makes final TV appearance as a Supreme (The Ed Sullivan Show)
December 20, 1969 - A frustrated Henry Cabot Lodge quits his post as chief
U.S. negotiator at the Paris peace talks;
Peter, Paul and Mary's "Leaving on a Jet Plane" reaches #1, their biggest and last hit
December 19 - NCSD closes down starting at 12 noon for the two week
Christmas holiday; The Beatles' seventh Christmas record is released
December 18 - Britain abolishes death penalty; US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
December 17 - 50 million TV viewers see singer Tiny Tim marry Miss Vicky
 on The Tonight Show,
US Air Force closes Project Blue Book, concluding no evidence of
extraterrestrial spaceships behind thousands of UFO sightings
December 16 - British House of Commons votes 343-185 abolishing the death penalty;
"War is Over! If You Want It, Happy Christmas from John & Yoko" posters begin appearing
(source: section 4 - John Lennon Museum)
December 15, 1969 - President Nixon orders an additional 50,000 soldiers out of Vietnam;
Plastic Ono Band, play their only concert at London's Lyceum Ballroom
San Francisco Fire Department replaces leather helmets with plastic ones
December 14 - Jackson Five make their first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show  (extra link J5)
December 13 - Raymond A Spruance, US admiral (battle of Midway), dies at age 83;
Sports: Billy Martin fired as Twins' manager d-12/26/1989;
Entertainment: Arlo Guthrie releases "Alice's Restaurant"
December 12 - Bomb attack on bank in Milan, Italy, 14 killed; The Archies'
Sugar Sugar Jingle Jangle Christmas Show airs on CBS. It is not a success;
"Hello Dolly" with Barbra Streisand premieres;
Sports: Decathlon-Bill Toomey achieves world record-score (8417 points)
December 11 - Libya adopts constitution
December 8 - Greek (Olympic Airways) DC-6B crashes in storm at
Athens, Greece; 93 killed. Fact: Greek shipping magnate, Aristotle Onassis
(bio) sold Olympic Airways he founded to the Greek government in 1974;
Police surprise attack on Black-Panthers in LA (History of Black Panthers);
Four sports players born today;
Antoon Kuil, soccer player (Veendam, SC Heerenveen)
Bobby Phillips, WLAF running back (Minn Vikings, Frankfurt Galaxy)
Darrin Shannon, Barrie, NHL left wing (Winnipeg Jets)
Victor Green, NFL cornerback/safety (NY Jets)
December 7 - Eric Portman, actor (Naked Edge), dies from heart ailment at
age 66; Hugh Williams, actor (Human Monster), dies after surgery at age 65
December 6 - The group Steam tops #1 with "Na Na Hey Hey Kiss Him
Goodbye", the last one hit wonder of the decade; USSR performs nuclear test;
300,000 attend the Altamont, California, rock concert featuring The Rolling
, a fan was stabbed to death by Hells Angels, a biker gang that had
been hired to provide security for the event, this event is also
considered the end of the "hippie era"
December 5 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
December 4 - Fred Hampton, American Black-Panther leader, is murdered
December 3 - Ruth White, actress (Fugitive), dies of cancer at age 55;
John Lennon is offered role of Jesus Christ in the rock opera
'Jesus Christ Superstar' more links - retrospective from PBS
December 2 - Boeing 747 jumbo jet first public preview;
 Kliment J Voroshilov, President of USSR (1953-60), dies;
 the evening's episode of I Dream of Jeannie, Jeannie
(Barbara Eden) finally becomes Mrs. Anthony Nelson
December 1 - The first draft lottery since World War II is held in
New York City. Each day of the year is randomly assigned a number
from 1-365. Those with birthdays on days that wind up
with a low number will likely be drafted

November 30 - Students return to NCSD for three weeks of school
before the Christmas holidays
November 29 - The Beatles' "Come Together," single goes #1
November 26 - NCSD closes down starting at 12 noon for the long
Thanksgiving weekend; Cream's final concert (Royal Albert Hall)
November 25 - John Lennon returns his Member of the British Empire
to protest Britain's involvement in Biafra & Vietnam;
Pele scores his 1,000th soccer goal
November 24 - Apollo program: The Apollo 12 spacecraft splashes down
safely in the Pacific Ocean, ending the second manned mission to the Moon
November 21 - The first ARPANET link is established; U.S. President Nixon
and Japanese Premier Eisaku Sato agree in Washington on the return of
Okinawa to Japanese control in 1972 Under the terms of the
agreement, the US is to retain its rights to bases on the island, but
these are to be nuclear-free - link to story
November 20 American Indians seized and occupied Alcatraz Island;
Vietnam War: The Cleveland Plain Dealer publishes explicit photographs of
dead villagers from the My Lai massacre in Vietnam
November 19 - Apollo 12's Conrad and Bean become third and
fourth humans on the Moon; The Benny Hill Show premieres
on Thames Television (1969-1989) (UK); Brazilian soccer great
Pele scores his 1,000th professional goal in a game, against
Vasco da Gama in Rio de Janeiro's Maracana stadium.
November 18 - Joseph P Kennedy, father of the Kennedy brothers John,
Robert and Edward dies in Hyannis Port, Massachusetts, at age 81
November 17 - NCSD Seniors return from their trip to Florida;
Cold War: Negotiators from the Soviet Union and the United States meet
in Helsinki to begin SALT I negotiations aimed at limiting the
number of strategic weapons on both sides
November 16, 1969 - For the first time, the U.S. Army publicly discusses
events surrounding the My Lai massacre; The first episode of Clangers (a
British stop motion animated television program for children) is
broadcast by the BBC (1969-1972).
November 15 - 250,000 peacefully demonstrate in Washington DC against the
Vietnam War, called the ''Mobilization' peace demonstration, it was the
largest anti-war protest in U.S. history; Janis Joplin accused of vulgar and
indecent language in Tampa, Florida, Colour introduced to BBC1 and ITV
in the UK; Cold War: The Soviet submarine K-19 collides with the American
submarine USS Gato in the Barents Sea; Dave Thomas opens his first
restaurant in a former steakhouse on a cold, snowy Saturday in downtown
Columbus, Ohio. He names the chain Wendy's after his 8-year-old daughter
Melinda Lou (nicknamed Wendy by her siblings)

The Original Wendy,
Melinda Lou Thomas
Picture located at the First Wendy's restaurant,
closed down on Friday, March 2, 2007

November 14 - NCSD Class of 1970 views the liftoff of Apollo 12;
Video excerpt from the miniseries "From the Earth to the Moon"
showing Apollo 12 struck by lightning and another at the tower.
November 13 - NCSD Class of 1970 starts their trip to Florida;
V-President Spiro Agnew, in a televised speech from Des Moines, Iowa, sirs up
a national controversy by attacking the network news commentaries accusing
them of bias and distortion
November 11 - Beatles with Billy Preston release "Get Back" in the UK;
Jim Morrison arrested on an airplane by the FBI for drunkenness
November 10 - National Educational Television (the predecessor to the Public
Broadcasting Service) in the United States debuts the children's television
program Sesame Street (1969-present)
November 8 - Kam Tong, actor (Have Gun Will Travel, Mr Garlund), dies at age
62; The 5th Dimension tops the charts with "Wedding Bell Blues" for 3 weeks
November 4 – Matthew McConaughey, born; American actor
November 3 - President Nixon delivers a major TV speech asking for support
from "the great silent majority of my fellow Americans" for his Vietnam
strategy. "...the more divided we are at home, the less likely the enemy
is to negotiate at Paris...North Vietnam cannot defeat or humiliate
the United States. Only Americans can do that."
November 1 - The Beatles' "Abbey Road" album goes #1 on the album charts
and stays #1 for 11 weeks; After seven years off the top of the charts, Elvis
's song "Suspicious Minds", hits No. 1 on the Billboard's pop singles
chart (his last No. 1 during his lifetime)

October 31 – Wal-Mart incorporates as Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.; Race riot in
Jacksonville, Florida; George Harrison's "Something" is released in UK
October 29 – The first message is sent over ARPANET, the forerunner
of the internet
October 27 - Ralph Nader sets up a consumer organization known as
Nader's Raiders
October 26 - Petula Clark performed in a concert at Royal Albert Hall
celebrating her 30th anniversary in show business. The concert was
filmed and aired as the first program ever broadcast in color by the BBC
on Clark's 37th birthday, November 15, 1969 (Links coming soon)
October 21 – Willy Brandt becomes Chancellor of West Germany; General Siad
comes to power in Somalia in a bloodless coup, 6 days after the
assassination of President Abdirashid Ali Shermarke, this date is now called
National Day in Somalia
October 19 - Trey Parker, American actor, creator of South Park, born
October 18 - US Federal government bans use of cyclamate artificial
sweetener, Soyuz 8 returns to Earth; The soul group, The Temptations,
begins their two weeks at #1 with "I Can't Get Next to You"
October 17 – Willard S. Boyle and George Smith invent the CCD at Bell
Laboratories (40 years later, this technology is widely used in digital
cameras); Soyuz 7 returns to Earth
October 16 - The "miracle" New York Mets win the World Series, beating the
heavily favored Baltimore Orioles 4 games to 1; Soyuz 6 returns to Earth
October 15 - Vietnam Moratorium Day; millions in US nationwide protest the
war: The 'Moratorium' peace demonstration is held in Washington and several
U.S. cities.
October 14 - The final single by Diana Ross & The Supremes, "Someday We'll
Be Together", is released. The single becomes the final #1 hit of 1969 (and of
the 1960s). After a farewell concert in January 1970, Diana Ross leaves the
Supremes for a solo career
October 11 - The space race continues: For three days in a row on
Oct. 11, 12, and 13, Soviets launches Soyuz 6, 7, and 8
October 11 - The Archies hit "Sugar, Sugar" ends it's fourth week on the
charts at #1
October 9–12 – Days of Rage: In Chicago, the United States National Guard is
called in to control demonstrations involving the radical Weathermen, in
connection with the "Chicago Eight" Trial.
October 5 - Monty Python's Flying Circus premieres on BBC1 (1969-1974);
Sazae-san premieres as a kids' comedy on Fuji Television in Japan. The show
is still airing as of 2009 with over 12,000 episodes
October 2, 1969 - NCSD celebrates it's 75th Anniversary with various activities
over the next two months. Check out the 75th Anniversary articles in
The North Carolinian
and don't forget the 75th Anniversary
film from Gary Hunnings
October 1969 - An opinion poll indicates 71 percent of Americans approve of
President Nixon's Vietnam policy

September 29, 1969 - Love American Style premieres on ABC, 30/60-minute
anthology/comedy show (1969-1974); Bright Promise, the latter of the soap
operas created by Frank and Doris Hursley, debuts on
NBC daytime (1969-1972)
September 26,1969 - The Match Game airs for the last time for the decade
(1962-1969) and resurrected several times; 1973-1984, 1990-1991, 1998-1999;
The Brady Bunch premieres on ABC (1969-1974); Get Smart, originally on
NBC (1965-1969), moves to CBS and begins its last season
September 25 - Catherine Zeta-Jones, British actress, born
September 24, 1969 - Medical Center premieres on CBS (1969-1976); Trial of
"Chicago 8" (protesters at Democratic National Convention) begins
September 23, 1969 - ABC TV network airs the first Marcus Welby, M.D. 60-
minute medical drama TV show (1969-1976); Northern Star starts rumor that
Paul McCartney is dead
September 20 - The Archies "Sugar, Sugar" begins it's 4 week run at the top of
the charts and is considered one of the biggest songs of the bubblegum music era
September 18, 1969 - The Ghost & Mrs. Muir debuted on NBC last year and airs
on ABC for another year
September 17, 1969 - ABC TV network airs the first Room 222 TV show (1969-1974);
The Courtship of Eddie's Father also premieres (1969-1972)
September 16, 1969 - President Nixon orders the withdrawal of 35,000
soldiers from Vietnam and a reduction in draft calls
September 14, 1969 - NBC TV network airs the first The Bill Cosby Show
30-minute comedy TV show
September 13, 1969 - Scooby-Doo, Where Are You! (1969-1972) premieres on
CBS Saturday Morning along with The Archie Comedy Hour (1969-1970): This
week; The Rolling Stones' "Honky Tonk Woman" ends it's 4th week as #1 on
the Hot Charts
September 11, 1969 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern
Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR, one of many during the cold war
September 9, 1969 - Allegheny 853 collides with Piper Cherokee above
 Indiana, kills 82
September 8, 1969 - From this day forward, all daytime programs on ABC
and CBS are in color
September 5, 1969 - The U.S. Army brings murder charges against Lt. William Calley
concerning the massacre of Vietnamese civilians at My Lai in March of 1968
September 2, 1969 - Star Trek (1966-1969) Begins it's last season on TV, The
first automatic teller machine in the United States is installed in Rockville
Center, New York; Ho Chi Minh dies of a heart attack at age 79. He is
 succeeded by Le Duan, who publicly reads the last will of Ho Chi Minh urging
the North Vietnamese to fight on "until the last Yankee has gone."
September 1, 1969 - Libyan revolution, Colonel Moammar Gadhafi deposes King Idris

Summer of '69
August 24 - Seniors arrives to begin last year at NCSD
August 23, 1969 - The Rolling Stones' "Honky Tonk Woman" hits number 1 and stays for 4 weeks
August 19 - Born; Matthew Perry, actor, Friends and
Christen Slater, actor, Lies & Illusions, Love Lies Bleeding, Slipstream
August 18, 1969 - Woodstock Music and Art Fair ends.

August 17, 1969 - Historic Cat 5 Hurricane Camille strikes the Mississippi coast; CBS pits
Merv Griffin against Johnny Carson in the late-night talk-show arena - Carson wins;
Mick Jagger accidentally shot while filming "Ned Kelly"
August 17, 1969 -
Views from the Clock Tower pictures were taken
August 16, 1969 - Controversial song, "In the Year 2525", begins its last week
as No. 1 for six weeks.

August 15, 1969 - Woodstock Music and Art Fair opens
August 10, 1969 - D. Crump, M. Murray, J. Smith, L. Suggs and Ye Ole Webmeister
begins two week
football camp at NCSD
August 9, 1969 - The Infamous Sharon Tate Murders Occurred
August 8, 1969 - The Beatles Abbey Road picture was taken
August 5, 1969 - Mariner 7 flies past Mars
August 1, 1969 - 110,000 attend Atlantic City Pop Festival in New Jersey
July 31, 1969 - Mariner 6 flies past Mars; National Guard mobilizes in racial
disturbances in Baton Rouge, Louisiana;
Elvis Presley returns to live
performances in Las Vegas, aka 1969 Comeback

July 29, 1969 - Mariner 6 begins transmitting far-encounter photos of Mars

NASA Sends Men to the Moon
Watch It "Live" As It Happened 40 Years Ago
This section includes bonus pictures not shown on the home page.
Click on any picture for a larger view then you can save for your screensaver or wallpaper.

The Launch of Apollo 11
July 16, 1969 9:32am EDT
Launch of Apollo 11  Liftoff as viewed from the launch tower  Apollo 11 and Flag  Apollo 11 as viewed from an Air Force EC-135N plane

12, 11, 10, 9, ignition sequence starts, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, zero, all engines running, LIFTOFF. We have
a liftoff, 32 minutes past the hour. Liftoff on Apollo 11. Tower cleared.
While the late Walter Cronkite anchored the launch, he shouted "go, baby, go" as it rocketed into space.

Earthrise Sequence
Earthrise sequence - Earth emerges over lunar horizon 1  Earthrise sequence - Earth emerges over lunar horizon 2  Earthrise sequence - Earth rises over lunar horizon 1  Earthrise sequence - Earth rises over lunar horizon 2  Earthrise sequence - Earth rises over lunar horizon 3

Lunar Module Separates from the Command Module
View of LM and Earth (in middle of picture) during trans-Lunar coast  LM Inspection After Undocking  CSM Columbia as seen from the Lunar Landing Module

Moon Landing
View from LM (Armstrong's window) of craters Messier & Messier A    View from LM during approach to landing site    View from LM window just after landing-July 20, 1969

July 20. 1969 4:17pm EDT "Houston, Tranquility Base here, the Eagle has landed." "Roger,
Tranquility, we copy you on the ground. You got a bunch of guys about to turn blue here.
We're breathing again. Thanks a lot!"
Cronkite famously exclaimed, "Man on the moon!" "Oh, boy!" and then, "Whew, boy!" He
remained on the air for 24 of the network’s 27 hours of CBS' lunar walk special.

Man on the moon!


Diagrams of Apollo Equipment
Click on either to obtain a larger view

Command Service Module
Apollo Command and
Service Module
Lunar Module
Apollo Lunar Module
Lunar Roving Vehicle
Lunar Roving Vehicle

July 20, 1969: One Giant Leap For Mankind

It's a little over eight years since the flights of Gagarin and Shepard, followed quickly by President Kennedy's challenge to put a man on the moon before the decade is out.

It is only seven months since NASA's made a bold decision to send Apollo 8 all the way to the moon on the first manned flight of the massive Saturn V rocket.

Now, on the morning of July 16, Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins sit atop another Saturn V at Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center. The three-stage 363-foot rocket will use its 7.5 million pounds of thrust to propel them into space and into history.

At 9:32 a.m. EDT, the engines fire and Apollo 11 clears the tower. About 12 minutes later, the crew is in Earth orbit.

After one and a half orbits, Apollo 11 gets a "go" for what mission controllers call "Translunar Injection" -- in other words, it's time to head for the moon. Three days later the crew is in lunar orbit. A day after that, Armstrong and Aldrin climb into the lunar module Eagle and begin the descent, while Collins orbits in the command module Columbia.

Collins later writes that Eagle is "the weirdest looking contraption I have ever seen in the sky," but it will prove its worth.

When it comes time to set Eagle down in the Sea of Tranquility, Armstrong improvises, manually piloting the ship past an area littered with boulders. During the final seconds of descent, Eagle's computer is sounding alarms.

It turns out to be a simple case of the computer trying to do too many things at once, but as Aldrin will later point out, "unfortunately it came up when we did not want to be trying to solve these particular problems."

When the lunar module lands at 4:18 p.m EDT, only 30 seconds of fuel remain. Armstrong radios "Houston, Tranquility Base here. The Eagle has landed." Mission control erupts in celebration as the tension breaks, and a controller tells the crew "You got a bunch of guys about to turn blue, we're breathing again."

Armstrong will later confirm that landing was his biggest concern, saying "the unknowns were rampant," and "there were just a thousand things to worry about."

At 10:56 p.m. EDT Armstrong is ready to plant the first human foot on another world. With more than half a billion people watching on television, he climbs down the ladder and proclaims: "That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind."

Aldrin joins him shortly, and offers a simple but powerful description of the lunar surface: "magnificent desolation." They explore the surface for two and a half hours, collecting samples and taking photographs.

They leave behind an American flag, a patch honoring the fallen Apollo 1 crew, and a plaque on one of Eagle's legs. It reads, "Here men from the planet Earth first set foot upon the moon. July 1969 A.D. We came in peace for all mankind."

Armstrong and Aldrin blast off and dock with Collins in Columbia. Collins later says that "for the first time," he "really felt that we were going to carry this thing off."

The crew splashes down off Hawaii on July 24. Kennedy's challenge has been met. Men from Earth have walked on the moon and returned safely home.

In an interview years later, Armstrong praises the "hundreds of thousands" of people behind the project. "Every guy that's setting up the tests, cranking the torque wrench, and so on, is saying, man or woman, 'If anything goes wrong here, it's not going to be my fault.'"

In a post-flight press conference, Armstrong calls the flight "a beginning of a new age," while Collins talks about future journeys to Mars.

Over the next three and a half years, 10 astronauts will follow in their footsteps. Gene Cernan, commander of the last Apollo mission leaves the lunar surface with these words: "We leave as we came and, god willing, as we shall return, with peace, and hope for all mankind."

The bootprints of Apollo are waiting for company.

This page will be an ongoing project as part of archiving the "A Very
Historical Moment 40 Years Ago" series and will be updated
on occasion and we thank you for visiting!

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The last entry on this page was made on June 7, 2010.
This page had a reference link added on 06/20/2010
Added a NCSD reference to February 15 on 03/11/11
This page was edited for archival purposes on 03/23/2011.


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